Made in vietnam



“Made by Vietphái mạnh,” not “Made in Vietnam,” counts By Chi Mai

“Made by Vietnam,” not “Made in Vietphái mạnh,” counts

By Chi Mai

There are many criteria & methods lớn define the origin. A sản phẩm is generally certified for the origin from a country when it contains at least 30-40% of the local content – PHOTO: THANH HOA

Products “made in Vietnam” help the country secure employment & escape poverty. However, to lớn stvà firm & become a member of the group of strong countries, Vietnam needs to turn out many quality “made by Vietnam” products.

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The import of foreign products to label “made in Vietnam” for sale on the local market is not only a deception but also a breach of consumer trust. Therefore, svào public reactions upon the detection of this fraudulent act are understandable. Consumers boycott not only the products detected for fraudulent labeling but also other products relevant lớn the brvà of the enterprise concerned, such as the case of an electronic & electric appliances firm, with its “made in Vietnam” labeled products assembled from Chinese components.

The case, however, sparks controversies over a hàng hóa made mostly from imported components but labeled “made in Vietphái mạnh.” Do management agencies have lớn build standards for goods eligible for “made in Vietnam” labeling? Do those standards really help boost domestic production?

What are “Vietnamese goods?”

There are three basic notions for Vietnamese goods: Products of Vietnam origin, products made in Vietnam, and products of Vietphái mạnh or products made by Vietphái mạnh.

Products of Vietnam giới origin are generally defined by management agencies in order khổng lồ allow exporters of these products to lớn enjoy preferential tariffs of importing countries. The criteria to lớn define the Vietphái nam origin are stipulated in trade agreements with relevant countries. Vietnamese management agencies refer khổng lồ these criteria to lớn grant the certificate of Vietphái nam origin for products exported to lớn partner countries.

There are many criteria & methods to lớn define the origin. A hàng hóa is generally certified for the origin from a country when it contains at least 30-40% of the local nội dung. There are also separate regulations for a group of products. For example, agro products can only be certified for the origin from a country if they are farmed or cultivated there, và fisheries must be caught in the waters of that country. Garments & textiles must be made from local fabrics or yarns, or simply tailored at home, depending on specific agreements.

In sum, the identification of the Vietnam origin of a product is regulated strictly in international trade agreements Vietphái mạnh has signed. The origin certification is implemented by competent authorities and is solely for commercial purposes.

Meanwhile, how a hàng hóa can be labeled “made in Vietnam” is not yet regulated by management agencies. In other countries, authorities generally pay attention lớn building standards for a product produced và circulated in the domestic market. By comtháng practice, the labeling of the location of production shows the place where the sản phẩm is finished before its market launch. This label only provides the information about the location where the sản phẩm is completed, assembled and packaged into lớn a finished product; it is not associated with commercial benefits, such as the certificate of origin. A hàng hóa labeled “made in Vietnam” but failing to lớn meet the ratio of local added value cannot enjoy preferential tariffs when it is exported to lớn partner countries.

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Not so significant

Previously when production was limited within the national boundary, goods were made almost entirely in the territory of a country. The words “made in” then implied more messages than the mere indication for origin of the goods. They represented the traditional production value, the giải pháp công nghệ strength and the lượt thích of the goods when they were exported to foreign countries. These quality goods would build the national br& for the country concerned.

However, with globalization, a hàng hóa is the result of a supply chain from many countries & it is finished in any of those countries which the producer sees as appropriate. Consumers now pay attention mainly to the brand of the sản phẩm, or, in other words, its producer. Users of smartphones like iPhone and Samsung are not much concerned about where they are made, whether in Đài Loan Trung Quốc or Vietnam giới. Likewise, Vietphái mạnh exports smartphones worth tens of billions of U.S. dollars annually, but the country is not seen as a smarphone producer but only as the world’s largest điện thoại thông minh production base of Samsung.

In the case of an electronics company, it has imported almost all components from China to make its televisions. Suppose most of those components were made in the firm’s factories in Trung Quốc, consumers would not get so angry when they know that the televisions they believe sầu being Vietphái nam goods are merely products assembled from imported components.


In the globalized economy, consumers are not so much concerned with where a product is made but with where it is marketed or who its producer is. The products consumed must meet standards in hygiene, safety và environment no matter whether they are locally made or imported. Multinationals usually have global quality commitments to ensure their products can enter any market regardless of where they are made. This explains why “imported” & “hand carried” American, Japanese & European goods are abundantly available both online and on the street though they are made in Đài Loan Trung Quốc, Vietnam or Indonesia.

Going forward, management agencies may issue regulations to lớn determine how a hàng hóa can be labeled “made in Vietphái nam.” However, as analyzed above, this complex & costly effort would have a spiritual rather than a commercial meaning and would not help much in creating more motivation for the development of domestic production. The essence of the global labor division today is the hàng hóa is made by whom, not in what place. However in Vietnam, these two notions have sầu been mixed over a long time.

Vietphái nam expects to lớn “leapfrog” & implement “industrialization and modernization” with the support of external resources. Foreign investors in công nghệ are offered incentives in hope of their công nghệ transfer khổng lồ Vietphái nam. However, foreign investors in electronics, motorxe đạp & automobile production have sầu quit the country without any công nghệ transfer as soon as the tariff protection barriers have sầu been lifted. After 30 years of costly efforts for localization, the automobile industry in Vietphái mạnh has yet to embrace the engine technology. The first Vietnam-brand sedan is going lớn take shape, with Vietnamese investment and labor but with entirely foreign technology and machinery. Those cars as well as televisions & smartphones mentioned above have high commercial value, create employment & contribute to lớn the budget revenue, but they cannot be boasted as Vietnamese goods despite their large revenue & “made in Vietnam” labeling.

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Vietnamese football has struggled and failed in seeking the shortcut khổng lồ glory through buying và naturalized foreign footballers. The achievement it enjoys today is the fruit of persistent, in-depth investment through socialization & professional training. The lesson from football success shows that the path lớn become an industrialized country must be based on the exploitation of the intellectual potential and creativity of society to master science và giải pháp công nghệ. “Made in Vietnam” products help Vietnam giới secure employment & escape poverty, but the country needs many quality “made by Vietnam” products lớn stvà firm and become a member of the group of developed countries.

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